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Hanya 20% Rakyat Turkey Puasa dan 34% Solat 5 Waktu September 21, 2008

Posted by ibrahimbaba in Islam.
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Dipetik dari


di bawah tajuk:

Conservative but relaxed about it

A new survey asks an old question, ‘Is Turkey becoming more conservative?’ The answer, like Turkish politics, is conflicted. While 94 percent of Turks identify themselves as religious, very few are observing this month’s holy fast or regularly pray five times a day. Experts point to the enduring popularity of the AKP, motivating people to adopt a religious mantle without necessarily the belief system to go along with it.

ISTANBUL – Turkish Daily News

Questions concerning the extent of conservatism in Turkey have returned with the enduring popularity of the Justice and Development Party, or AKP. Several surveys on Turkish belief systems and religious practices have yielded different insights at different times.

The recent Global Attitudes survey published Wednesday by the U.S.-based Pew Research Center revealed that although 94 percent of Turkish participants defined themselves as “religious”, only 20 percent were fasting for all of Ramadan, while only 34 percent performed prayer five times a day. Moreover, fasting and praying were the least common in Turkey as compared to seven other Muslim countries, including Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Indonesia, Pakistan, Nigeria and Tanzania.

On the other hand, most Turks said a struggle was occurring in the country, where tensions between elements of the country’s secular establishment and the AKP have been high over the last year. Of participants, 68 percent said a clash between moderates and fundamentalists was taking place in Turkey.

According to Adil Gür, owner of the A&G research company, conservatism in Turkey is on the rise only in appearance. “During the first half of the 1990s people in Turkey were more conservative. With rising levels of education and income the country has become more flexible and less conservative,” he told the Turkish Daily New on Friday.

Gür said while the number of people who defined themselves as conservative increased mainly due to the influence of the ruling AKP, people became more flexible in their religious practices. “Today people who define themselves as conservative usually have material interests in doing so. On the other hand, the number of people not fasting and not praying or who have a positive attitude toward dating has increased. Conservatism in Turkey is make-believe,” he said.

Former Welfare Party deputy Mehmet Bekaroğlu objected to Gür’s idea that conservatism was a fiction, stressing that the definition of conservatism was evolving in response to changes in a globalizing world.

“Previously people who defined themselves as religious felt that it was necessary to pray or fast according to Islamic norms. However, today the world is transforming and people don’t feel that way anymore,” he said. “This change is related to the great social mobilization that occurred in the 2000s. People flowing from villages to cities have changed and transformed,” he said.

Nilüfer Narlı from Bahçeşehir University interpreted the issue in terms of a difference between belonging and believing. “When a person says I am religious the reference is to the identity not to the faith and believing. When we look at religious practices we do not find people practicing Islam at the level of believing. Therefore, religion loses its significance as a practice while it gets stronger in terms of belonging, as an identity,” she said.

Although 68 percent of participants said there was a conflict between secular forces and the ruling party, Gür said the secular versus anti-secular, or moderate Islam versus fundamentalism, debates were not actually on people’s agenda. “These are only certain elites or political parties’ concerns. Polarization in Turkey is not ideological but economic. People do not vote for the AKP on ideological grounds but for economic reasons. In fact Turkey is moving toward wider class differences rather than ideological ones,” Gür said.

The survey also revealed that while there has been widespread concern about the rise of Islamic extremism among the eight Muslim societies included in the survey “both within their countries and in the world at large” only 37 percent of Turks said they were concerned.

The survey also revealed that support for terrorism in Turkey had declined over the last few years. Only 3 percent of participants said they supported terrorism, while 83 percent said suicide attacks could never be justified. Turks have adopted a more negative stance toward Hamas and Hezbollah since last year. A total of 65 percent of participants said they have an unfavorable opinion toward Hamas, compared with 54 percent in 2007. In 2003, 15 percent of Turkish Muslims had positive views of bin Laden. Today, seven years after the Sept. 11 attacks, bin Laden’s ratings have plummeted to 3 percent.

Selamat Beribadat 10 Akhir Ramadhan September 21, 2008

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Selamat menumpukan amal ibadat sempena 10 hari terakhir Ramadhan.


DUN Manir kekal milik Pas September 16, 2008

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PUTRAJAYA 16 Sept. – Kerusi Dewan Undangan Negeri (DUN) Manir, Terengganu kekal milik calon Pas, Datuk Harun Taib apabila Mahkamah Persekutuan hari ini menolak petisyen pilihan raya calon Barisan Nasional (BN), Wan Sagar Wan Embong.

Panel tiga hakim diketuai oleh Hakim Besar Malaya, Tan Sri Alaudin Mohd. Sheriff dan Hakim-Hakim Mahkamah Persekutuan, Datuk Ariffin Zakaria dan Datuk Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin sebulat suara mengekalkan keputusan Mahkamah Tinggi yang membatalkan petisyen Wan Sagar.

Hakim Zulkefli ketika membacakan penghakimannya sebentar tadi antara lain menyatakan, Mahkamah Tinggi betul ketika memutuskan demikian kerana dakwaan rasuah dalam petisyen itu tidak merujuk secara tepat sama ada ia dilakukan oleh Harun atau orang lain dengan pengetahuannya.

Oleh itu, beliau menyatakan, fakta ringkas mengenai dakwaan berlakunya perbuatan rasuah seperti yang terkandung dalam petisyen Wan Sagar tidak mencukupi untuk mengaitkannya dengan ejen Pas.

sumber: http://utusan.com.my/utusan/info.asp?y=2008&dt=0916&pub=Utusan_Malaysia&sec=Terkini&pg=bt_05.htm


Federal Court confirms PAS victory in Manir

sumber: http://www.thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2008/9/16/nation/20080916120808&sec=nation

PUTRAJAYA: The Federal Court here on Tuesdayconfirmed the election of Datuk Harun Taib of PAS to the Manir state seat after dismissing with costs the election petition of the Barisan Nasional candidate, Wan Sagar Wan Embong.

Chief Judge of Malaya Tan Sri Alaudin Mohamed Sheriff and Federal Court judges Datuk Arifin Zakaria and Datuk Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin unanimously affirmed the order of the High Court that Wan Sagar’s petition to nullify the Manir election result in Terengganu was defective.

They held that the corrupt practice allegedly committed by the agents of Harun, the PAS candidate, as pleaded in Wan Sagar’s petition must be specific to succeed in his petition.

Justice Zulkefli, who delivered the judgment, said the High Court judge was correct in his decision that the petition was defective as it did not contain particulars of the alleged corrupt practice.

Wan Sagar is appealing against the decision of the High Court which on May 25 allowed Harun’s preliminary objection and held that Wan Sagar’s petition to nullify the Manir election result in Terengganu was defective as it did not contain particulars of corrupt practice, and summarily struck out the petition.

Harun won the seat with a 406-vote majority in the March 8 general election.

Harun was represented by counsel Mohd Ariff Yusof while counsel Firoz Hussein Ahmad Jamaluddin acted for Wan Sagar. – Berrnama

Fed Ct gives Sanglang seat to PAS September 16, 2008

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The Federal Court today declared PAS’ Hashim Jasin as the rightful winner of the Sanglang state seat in Perlis, overturning a victory obtained by Barisan Nasional in the March 8 general election.


Judges Alauddin Mohd Sharif, Zulkifli Ahmad Makimuddin and Ariffin Zakaria unanimously agreed that Hashim should be declared as the winner and not BN’s Abdullah Hassan.

The decision by the highest court in the land today means that there will NOT be a by-election for the state seat.

Earlier in June, an Election Court in Kangar had declared the seat vacant following a petition filed by Hashim.

However the court had disagreed to allow an application by Hashim – who had held the seat for two terms – to be automatically installed as the winner.

The court had then said that the court had no jurisdiction to declare Hashim as the assemblyperson for the seat.

Hashim then appealed to the Federal Court to be automatically declared as the winner.

Umno’s candidate Abdullah won the seat with a majority of 149 votes, bagging 3,384 votes as opposed to Hashim’s 3,235.

Hashim, who is Perlis PAS commissioner, claimed that he should have won Sanglang based on initial Election Commission records.

He said that he should be declared the winner as the vote tallied from all counting centres showed that he had polled 3,333 votes against Abdullah’s 3,286 and had thus won by a 47-vote majority.In the last polls, BN won 14 out of 15 state seats and all three parliamentary seats. It lost the neighbouring Simpang Empat state seat to PAS. The Federal Court result today means PAS has an additional seat in the state assembly.

sumber: http://www.malaysiakini.com/news/89803

Apa akan jadi esok? September 15, 2008

Posted by ibrahimbaba in Anwar, Kerajaan, politik, UMNO.
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SMS demi SMS yang diterima. Baik dari gurauan bahawa orang Terengganu sekadar dapat menikmati bubur lambuk sahaja petang ini untuk berbuka puasa dengan Pak Lah, dan Zaid letak jawatan hingga kepada SMS keluhan Arif Shah selepas tewas di Permatang Pauh baru-baru ini (di hujung nanti IB selitkan serba sedikit keluhan beliau).

Dalam kita ingin menumpukan kepada mempertingkatkan amal ibadat di bulan Ramadhan yang mulia ini scenario politik tanah air semakin hangat. [Itulah sebab utama IB kurang menulis – kerana tak mahu pembaca hilang tumpuan kepada ibadat sekali setahun ini. Juga IB sendiri pun hendak juga berusaha – tetapi yang ini IB terpaksa tulis jugalah serba sedikit].

Terbaru ialah pertemuan empat mata Najib dan Pak Lah. Dikatakan hasilnya ialah Najib akan membuat satu pengumuman penting yang bakal mengejutkan. Betul tidak wallahu ’alam.

Apakah tarikh 16 September ini akan berlaku seperti yang dijanjikan Anwar? Kalau mengikut urutan peristiwa yang sepatutnya berlaku sebelumnya untuk 16hb dijadikan tarikh perubahan kerajaan – maka ianya MUSTAHIL untuk berlaku esok.

Kalau Anwar kata semuanya ”on-track” itu tidak tahulah apa yang Anwar maksudkan. Walaubagaimanapun ketidaktentuan tidak banyak membantu negara, ekonomi, dan mengambil masa kita untuk beribadat di bulan yang mulia ini. Amat gelisah – untuk mana-mana pihak sekali pun. Ketidaktentuan ini biarlah berakhir dengan secepat mungkin – ”pi lah belah mana pun”.

Kemudian berbalik kepada cerita Arif Shah, ramai rakan-rakan yang rapat dengan beliau serta ahli keluarga beliau memaklumkan Arif Shah kini sendirian mengharungi pelbagai janji yang telah dibuat bukan oleh beliau tetapi oleh janji-janji manis pelbagai pemimpin parti yang datang berkempen. Pelbagai orang datang menagih. Dikatakan juga hutang kini di keliling dek kerana peruntukan kempen lesap di tengah jalan dan pelbagai bayaran tidak dilunaskan. Ada juga yang mengatakan sabotaj banyak yang berlaku.

Nampaknya budaya UMNO belum hendak berubah lagi.

Sekian, IB

Berita Seperti Ini Banyak Menimbulkan Persoalan September 9, 2008

Posted by ibrahimbaba in Kehakiman, Ketelusan.
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Apabila kita membaca berita-berita seperti ini kita akan mula bertanya ketelusan dan apa yang sebenarnya di sebaliknya.

Perhatikan ayat-ayat seperti berikut dalam laporan di bawah:

When High Court Judicial Commissioner Datuk Mohd Zawawi Salleh asked for the reason behind the withdrawal, DPP Laila reiterated that she had instructions from Putrajaya.

Apa atau siapa yang dimaksudkan dengan arahan dari Putrajaya tersebut?

Takkanlah tiba-tiba jadi garam! Kalau dah garam takkan tidak boleh dibezakan rasanya dari awal lagi.

Sekian, IB

Laporan penuh dalam The Star:

Tuesday September 9, 2008 MYT 3:26:32 PM

Five acquitted after ‘drugs’ turn out to be salt


JOHOR BARU: Five men, including two Mexicans and a Canadian, who were allegedly part of a major international drug syndicate were acquitted of a drug trafficking charge after the “drugs” were found to be salt.

Their freedom however was short-lived as, following the acquittal by a High Court here, the men were rearrested by the police under the Special Preventative Measures of the Dangerous Drugs Act.

Earlier in court, deputy public prosecutor Laila Lateh requested that the charge against the men be withdrawn as per instructions from the Attorney-General’s Chambers.

Ho Bee Seng, 53, and Tan Chwee Liang, 28, from Singapore, Jesus Alfonso, 36, and Gorge Enrique, 32, from Mexico and James Dugalo, 41, from Canada, were alleged to have committed a preparatory act for trafficking 40.8kg of Ketamin on March 4 at 3.10pm at a house on Jalan Jingga 5, Taman Pelangi.

When High Court Judicial Commissioner Datuk Mohd Zawawi Salleh asked for the reason behind the withdrawal, DPP Laila reiterated that she had instructions from Putrajaya.

At that point, Mohd Zawawi asked if this was the “salt case” upon which DPP Laila remained silent.

Defence counsel Gobind Singh Deo, who represented one of the men, Canadian James Dugalo, asked that the court not only discharge his client, but also acquit all the suspects.

He argued that under Section 254 (3) of the Criminal Procedure Code, if a DPP decided to withdraw or discontinue a case, the court has the capacity to discharge and acquit the suspects.

Gobind said that all the suspects had been in detention for seven months since March this year and they had also been charged with a serious capital offence, which ordered for a mandatory death sentence upon conviction.

“It is not fair to leave that hanging over their heads. There is also no dispute that the substance of the subject matter is salt,” he said.

Mohd Zawawi agreed and said that the application was substantially grounded on the third reason as salt does not form a scheduled substance under the Dangerous Drugs Act.

He then ruled that the men be acquitted and that all their passports and belongings be returned to them.

Meanwhile, Johor Police Chief Dept Comm Datuk Mohd Mokhtar Mohd Shariff when contacted confirmed that the men had been rearrested for 60 days under the Special Preventative Measures.

Semakin Ramai Rakyat Singapura Berhijrah September 6, 2008

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More are heading north

Insight down south by Seah Chiang Nee

dipetik dari http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2008/9/6/focus/22243519&sec=focus

While Singapore has been successful in luring many of the brightest brains in the region, more and more of its own young profrssionals want out.

A BAFFLING aspect of affluent Singapore, with all its economic finery, is the large – and growing – exodus of its citizens over the past 10 years.

While the hot economy has attracted more than a million foreigners to its shores, its own citizens have been leaving in record numbers to settle down abroad.

Their exit seemed to have taken on a new life in recent years, ironically when the economic growth and the job market were at their best.

In fact, one survey has placed Singapore’s outflow at 26.11 migrants per 1,000 citizens – the second highest in the world. Only Timor Leste (51.07) fares worse.

The explanation is, of course, globalisation, the new borderless economy, which is offering more job options for skilled Singaporeans who want a better life in bigger countries.

But the reason doesn’t end there.

Other comparable city-populations have similarly been affected, but Singapore seems to have been hit hardest of all.

The explanation must involve a higher non-economic priority strong enough to propel Singaporeans away from a stable, comfortable living towards the uncertainties of a new life elsewhere.

Yet this is what is happening, as new statistics have shown.

More educated Singaporeans – many taking their children with them – are leaving or are planning to leave their country, which is itself a traditional haven for outsiders fleeing from trouble.

A recent indication of the scope of the dilemma was the rising number of Singaporeans who asked for a document needed to apply for permanent residency overseas.

It has exceeded 1,000 a month to reach 12,707 last year from 4,996 in 1998, or a rise of 170% over 10 years, said Home Affairs Minister Wong Kan Seng.

These people, over the age of 16, could be leaving for good, but they also included students and businessmen, who may eventually return.

In 10 years, they totalled 97,990 Singaporeans (a far greater number if children were included).

The government says about 140,000 Singaporeans are studying, working or in business in foreign countries, which by itself is not a bad thing, given Singapore’s global ambitions. The trouble is many of them may not return.

All the current statistics point to an upward emigration among Singaporeans who apply for PR or citizenship abroad. Some of the PRs, it is feared, may keep their citizenship but have no intention of returning home.

“After coming back, I find that other countries have much more to offer than Singapore, which is very boring,” one youth remarked.

The number of Singaporeans who gave up their citizenship, Wong said, averaged 1,000 a year in the last three years.

Other negative trends that reflect the tenuous link between many citizens and their country are:

> Two-thirds of Singaporeans (aged 21-34) said in a survey that they had considered retiring in another country with a slower pace of life and lower cost of living.

> Among youths (15-29 years of age), 53% are considering emigration. Despite having gone through national education, 37% say they are not patriotic. (Indian youths are the most ready to emigrate – at 67%, compared with 60% of Malays and 49% of Chinese).

> Six out of 10 undergraduates said they wanted to go abroad to live or work, mostly to enjoy a higher quality of life with less stress.

> An ACNielsen poll showed 21% of Singaporeans, mainly professionals, were considering emigration, half opting for Australia and New Zealand.

For this small state with a short history, the steady exit is not just a ‘numbers’ problem which can be – and is being – resolved by substituting Singaporeans with foreigners.

It has a serious security dimension, since the island is defended by its own reservist soldiers after a two-year mandatory national service (NS).

Fewer true-blue Singaporeans means fewer soldiers because permanent residents are not required to serve NS (only their 18-year-old sons are).

A bigger impediment to nation-building is the looser physical bond between today’s generation of Singaporeans and their country. Nearly half of them do not think they need to reside here to be emotionally rooted to the country.

It is estimated that half the Singaporeans who annually apply for foreign PRs – 6,000 to 7,000 – eventually settle down overseas.

The brain drain is serious.

Even if 0.5% of its brightest minds were to leave, it would hit Singapore hard, said Senior Minister Goh Chok Tong.

“These are bright young people, children of very well-educated Singaporeans. They study overseas now, and the very good ones are right away green harvested by companies,” Goh said.

So why is Asia’s second wealthiest state losing its youths at a higher rate than its poorer neighbours?

“Many Singaporeans leave because of the stifling atmosphere of the country and the political and intellectual lock-step enforced by the government,” said one analyst.

“It would reverse if the government would begin to democratise, and to allow its people to develop their talents – in Singapore, not abroad.”

Importing large numbers of migrants from China and India, most of whom treat it as a study or transit point, is not a solution.

Minister Mentor Lee Kuan Yew once admitted: “They come in here, they get an English education ? and they’re off to America.”

However, he seems resigned to it. Recently he told his political party youth members: “As a government, and personally for me and my colleagues, my responsibility is to look after those who cannot migrate.”

With one-third of the population now making up of foreigners, that task is becoming harder to achieve.

Kenapa Mesti 16 September? September 2, 2008

Posted by ibrahimbaba in Anwar, Kerajaan, politik.
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Kenapa perlu kita tukar kepada tarikh baru untuk meraikan kemerdekaan? Apa sial dan dosanya tarikh 31 Ogos yang telah diterima pakai dan disambut segenap lapisan rakyat serta diiktiraf secara rasminya sebagai tarikh Tanah Air kita merdeka dari jajahan British.

Benarlah bahawa pada 16 September 1963, Sabah dan Sarawak (dan juga Singapura) bersama Persekutuan Tanah Melayu (Malaya) bersatu menjadi Malaysia. Tetapi apakah perlu kita tukar-tukarkan tarikh ini hanya kerana penambahan dua (tiga) lagi negeri menyertai kerajaan persekutuan?

Kita lihat amalan negara-negara lain. Apakah negara lain juga menukar-nukar tarikh keramat negara mereka setiap kali penambahan negeri atau wilayah dicapai?

Kita ambil contoh Amerika Syarikat. Tarikh 4 Julai dipilih sebagai tarikh kemerdekaannya. Walaupun pada tarikh tersebut sebenarnya meraikan tarikh pengistiharan kemerdekaan pada tahun 1776 tetapi ianya mulanya diistiharkan dua hari sebelum itu. Malah hanya pada 2 Ogos adalah tarikh sebenar kebanyakkan ahli kongress waktu itu menandatangani pengistiharan kemerdekaan. Dan lebih menghairankan lagi, pengistiharan kemerdekaan hanya diiktiraf 7 tahun selepas itu di bawah Perjanjian Paris (1783) – dan tarikh perjanjian ini tidak pula diterimapakai sebagai tarikh sebenar kemerdekaan mereka.

Semasa pengistiharan kemerdekaan dibuat, hanya ada 13 buah negeri sahaja yang bergabung. Satu demi satu negeri-negeri lain menyertai persekutuan Amerika Syarikat pada tarikh-tarikh yang berbeza. Namun, tarikh kemerdekaan mereka masih tetap kekal 4 July. Pada 1976, mereka menyambut secara besar-besaran ”bicentennial celebration” (200 tahun) mereka. Mereka tidak menerima pakai tahun 1959 tarikh terakhir Alaska dan Hawaii menyertai persekutuan mereka.

Kita ambil satu lagi contoh negera Vietnam. Tarikh 2 September diambil sebagai tarikh kemerdekaan mereka dari Jepun pada tahun 1945. Mereka tidak mengambil tarikh Amerika mengundurkan diri dari Saigon yang akhirnya menyatukan Vietnam Selatan dan Vietnam Utara.

Kalau hendak diambil kira tarikh 16 September sebagai tarikh kejayaan kita menyatukan Sabah, Sarawak dan Singapura bersama Malaya, maka apakah tarikh baru patut kita raikan apabila tarikh sebenar negeri-negeri dikira Malaysia kini ialah selepas Singapura keluar Malaysia. Itulah tarikh baru sepatutnya. Itulah tarikh bermulanya persekutuan 13 buah negeri yang kekal hingga kini.

Kalau hanya sekadar memenangkan hati dua negeri baru yang menyertai persekutuan maka kita perlu cari pengertian baru untuk kita kenangkan tarikh penjajah akhirnya menyerah kuasa kepada rakyat tempatan selepas menjajah silih berganti semenjak 1511.

Sekian, IB

Selamat Menyambut Ramadhan Kareem September 1, 2008

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IB ingin mengucapkan selamat menyambut bulan Ramadhan yang mulia. Semoga kedatangan Ramadhan ini kita berniat untuk memaksimakan usaha untukberamal sebaik mungkin kerana Allah Azzawajalla.

IB ingin petik beberapa hadith yang boleh kita ambil pengertiannya.

Kelebihan Ramadan

Diriwayatkan daripada Abu Hurairah r.a katanya: Rasulullah s.a.w bersabda: Apabila tiba bulan Ramadan, dibuka pintu-pintu Syurga dan ditutup pintu-pintu Neraka serta syaitan-syaitan dibelenggu.

Diriwayatkan daripada Abu Hurairah r.a. katanya: Rasulullah s.a.w. bersabda: …Dan sesiapa yang berpuasa di bulan Ramadan dengan penuh keimanan dan mengharapkan keredhaan Allah, akan diampunkan segala dosa yang dilakukannya sebelum itu.

Kelebihan berpuasa

Diriwayatkan daripada Sahl bin Saad r.a katanya: Rasulullah s.a.w bersabda: Sesungguhnya di dalam Syurga itu terdapat pintu yang dinamakan Ar-Rayyan. Orang yang berpuasa akan masuk melalui pintu tersebut pada Hari Kiamat kelak. Tidak boleh masuk bersama mereka seorangpun selain mereka. Kelak akan ada pengumuman: Di manakah orang yang berpuasa? Mereka lalu berduyun-duyun masuk melalui pintu tersebut. Setelah orang yang terakhir dari mereka telah masuk, pintu tadi ditutup kembali. Tiada lagi orang lain yang akan memasukinya

Diriwayatkan daripada Abu Said al-Khudri r.a katanya: Rasulullah s.a.w bersabda: Setiap hamba yang berpuasa di jalan Allah, Allah akan menjauhkannya dari api Neraka sejauh perjalanan tujuh puluh tahun.

Akhlak ketika berpuasa

Diriwayatkan daripada Abu Hurairah r.a katanya: Rasulullah s.a.w bersabda: Apabila seseorang daripada kamu sedang berpuasa pada suatu hari, janganlah bercakap tentang perkara yang keji dan kotor. Apabila dia dicaci maki atau diajak berkelahi oleh seseorang, hendaklah dia berkata: Sesungguhnya hari ini aku berpuasa, sesungguhnya hari ini aku berpuasa.

Diriwayatkan daripada Abu Hurairah r.a katanya: Rasulullah s.a.w bersabda: Sesiapa yang tidak meninggalkan percakapan bohong dan perbuatan tidak baik, Allah tidak inginkan tindakannya menahan diri dari makan dan minum (yakni Allah tidak menerima puasanya).